Google on Tuesday celebrated the 246th birth anniversary of Raja Ram Mohan Roy, the founder of the Brahmo Samaj Movement, with a doodle. Roy is considered the Father of Indian Renaissance for bringing about a number of social reforms.
One of the reforms he strived for was the abolishment of sati, the regressive Hindu funeral practice in which a widow had to sacrifice herself on her husband’s funeral pyre, in some parts of Bengal.
He served with the East India Company and he was also one of the first to question how much money the British were taking out of India.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy founded the Brahmo Samaj in 1828, an influential social-religious reform movement. Brahmo Samaj believes in the existence of One Supreme God, and that the worship of Him needs no fixed place or time.
Besides sati, Raja Ram Mohan Roy also crusaded against several other social evils such as polygamy, infanticide, child marriage and the caste system. He also demanded property inheritance rights for women.
In the field of education, Raja Ram Mohan Roy helped set up the Hindu College in Calcutta, the Anglo-Hindu School and the Vedanta College. He also wrote a journal called Sambad Kaumudi, which covered topics like freedom of the press.
In 1830, Raja Ram Mohan Roy travelled to England as a representative of the Mughal Empire and he managed to convince the British government to increase the stipend of the Mughal Emperor. Roy died near Bristol in 1833 and a statue of him stands in that city.